ELCINA constituted a Task Force to study the EMS Sector and come up with a Research Report providing details of the status and prospects of this ESDM segment. The task force had representation from MeitY & Invest India. The EMS Task Force commenced deliberations in July 2020 and concluded the same in November, coming up with valuable details such as the sector’s current size, growth potential, exports and policies which impact its progress.
Globally, EMS sector was valued at US$ 832 Bn in 2019 and estimated to grow to US$ 1055 Bn by 2025. The Task Force report predicts that the Indian EMS industry will gallop from US$ 23.5 Bn in 2019-20 to US$ 152 Bn by 2025. This effectively means that it has the potential to grow from <3% of the global industry to about 14% within 5 years. The global EMS industry has grown very quickly during last 15-20 years as it has expanded the scope of its activities for the Electronic Systems Design & Manufacturing (ESDM) sector. From a small share of 10-15% in the ESDM industry, EMS now straddles in excess of 40-45% of its value. In addition to PCBA and pure assembly services, EMS has now expanded to include research & development, supply chain management, global distribution, logistics, customer support and even warranty repairs. There has been a complete transformation of the role of EMS in the ESDM industry globally.
Secretary Ministry of Electronics & IT, Government of India, Mr Ajay Sawhney, while releasing the Report, reinforced the need to manufacture PCB assemblies within the country and reduce import dependence. He said that there was plenty of opportunity for utilising the existing Schemes of NPE 2019 and additional Schemes which were being promoted for other sectors, such as medical electronics, defence and aerospace which had created huge demand for electronics. Mr Sawhney mentioned that there was a huge opportunity in products such as Servers, Laptops, Tablets etc and encouraged industry to take up these high value and large volume products. He also informed that government was keen to support expansion of the components eco-system in the country and certain follow up schemes were in the works to enable participation by more domestic companies including the Medium and Small enterprises.
Printed Circuit Board Assemblies are at the core of every electronic device. And constitute anywhere from 40-50% of the BOM of the device. To develop India as an electronics manufacturing hub, it is crucial that we expand the manufacturing ecosystem for EMS and PCBA’s in India.
Key Findings of EMS Task Force Report on Market & Industry Analysis of EMS Sector of ESDM Industry
Ø Currently EMS Industry (Contract Manufacturing Services) are valued 832 Bn $ and are projected to grow 1055 Bn by 2025.
Ø Current estimate of EMS Industry in India is USD 23.5 Bn only which is <3% of global mfg. EMS Industry has an estimated 700 Firms with about 600 Indian and 100 Multinational Companies.
Ø China exported US$ 685 Bn of electronics to the world during 2019-20. There is huge export potential for India EMS sector and govt has set a target of US$ 100 Bn exports of mobiles alone by 2025. This is driven by the PLI Scheme and targets about 25% of the global mobile market valued at US$ 415 Bn.
Ø In Non-Mobile segment, China exported electronics worth USD 50Bn to India friendly countries. Government support of 5% will empower Indian EMS sector to capture 30-40% of this, which is USD 15-20 Bn.
Ø Domestic electronics manufacturing is estimated at USD 75 Bn of which 39 Bn constitutes EMS value. This is divided into 23.5 Bn domestic Mfg. and USD 15.5 Bn PCBS/Sub-Assembly imports.
Ø Further USD 53.5 Bn is finished Electronic Goods imports of which USD 17 Bn is EMS value. Thus total EMS opportunity loss is US$ 32.5 Bn (15.5 +17).
Ø We estimate that EMS production can grow realistically from USD 23.5 Bn today to USD 152 Bn by 2025 at CAGR of 45%. This will meet 75% of the countries EMS requirement of US$ 203 Bn by 2025 against a total estimated market of 400 Bn.
Ø The Industry is broadly categorized into HVLM (High Volume Low Mix) which are the large global MNCs and few large Indian Firms and the other category is HMLV (High Mix Low Volume) largely constituted by the Indian EMS Companies catering to lower volume industrial/professional sector products.
Ø HVLM & HMLV have very different characteristics with respect to volume, risk, automation, supply chain, costs etc.
Note: The detailed report is available with ELCINA secretariat, please contact at email@example.com.
The recent review report of the CAG on defence offsets highlights the inability of the ministry of defence (MoD) to leverage its huge buying power to enable the domestic defence industry to acquire cutting edge technologies, which are so critical for achieving self-reliance. It also points to the fact that the costs the country has had to incur in making offsets a part of high-value defence contracts have given the country poor returns. The defence offset policy seeks to leverage capital acquisitions to develop the Indian defence industry. Offsets are applicable when the estimated cost of acquisition is Rs 2,000 crore or more (Rs 300 crore till 2015). It requires foreign and Indian vendors of certain category to buy components from Indian manufacturers or invest in Indian enterprises in the form of equity or transfer of technology (ToT) or equipment, provide equipment or ToT to government institutions or establishments or to DRDO to the extent of 30% of the estimated contract value. Offsets have to be discharged annually during the contract period with extension up to two years. The CAG found that out of the offsets worth Rs 19,223 crore due for discharge by 2018, only 59% (Rs 11,396 crore) had been discharged, leaving a large gap of 41%.
(ET, Dec 26, 2020)
The PLI scheme has been announced after intense stakeholder consultations. The scale of incentive for the entire scheme is over $26 billion, which can catalyse an enormous manufacturing output in the country. For instance, an incentive of ~$5 billion in electronics and mobile manufacturing will deliver an incremental production of over $140 billion in the next five years. To achieve the scale of the production envisaged under the PLI scheme, massive investments would be required in establishing factories, expanding additional facilities, on acquisition of plant and machinery, etc, which would result in a significant boost to employment opportunities in the country. This scheme can help increase the manufacturing sector’s share in the Indian GDP from the current level of 16% to much higher levels in the next five years. Moreover, this scheme would help India move towards becoming a higher-middle income economy, and the resultant economic spillover will create many employment opportunities.
Finland’s Nokia and Sweden’s Ericsson want India to include their existing manufacturing-related investments to the production-linked incentives (PLI) scheme, which has recently been announced for telecom and networking products. The scheme is expected to support and incentivize exports from India, similar to the PLI scheme for the mobile handset industry. European telecom gear vendors also want India to focus on bringing the component ecosystem under the new scheme, which aims to give sops of nearly Rs 12,200 crore. “The cost levels in India productions are little higher than higher than other countries so I really welcome this kind of a policy which is coming up to provide incentives for local manufacturers because that really helps the Indian economy,” Sanjay Malik, Senior VP & Head, India Market, Nokia told ET. Ericsson’s India head Nitin Bansal also shared Malik’s views and said that “investments that are already made should also be considered in some way under the PLI scheme.”
Both gear vendors have given commitment to their largest client, Bharti Airtel, that all 5G equipment will be locally manufactured for the Sunil Mittal-led telco. Both executives said that the scheme will give a strong boost to the country’s telecom equipment manufacturing industry. Ericsson and Nokia manufacture telecom gear in India through their respective facilities in Pune and Chennai. Both companies also export telecom equipment, including 5G gear to other countries.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that there are huge renewable energy deployment plans for the next decade, which are likely to generate business prospects of the order of around $20 billion per year. Inviting the global investors, developers, and businesses to join India’s renewable energy journey, PM Modi added that India has a very liberal foreign investment policy for renewables. The foreign investors can either invest on their own or they can collaborate with an Indian company, PM Modi further said. After the success of PLI in electronics manufacturing, the government has decided to give similar incentives to high-efficiency solar modules. The Prime Minister underlined that ensuring ‘Ease of doing business’ is the government’s utmost priority and the country has established dedicated Project Development Cells to facilitate investors.
Highlighting the achievements of India in the green energy sector, PM Modi said that in the last 6 years, India has travelled on an unparalleled journey and it is expanding our generation capacity and network to ensure every citizen of India has access to electricity to unlock his full potential. PM Modi added that in the earlier editions, Indian shared its plans for a journey from megawatts to gigawatts in renewable energy, and “One Sun, One World, One Grid” to leverage solar energy. In a short time, many of these plans are becoming a reality, PM Modi added while speaking at the inauguration of the virtual 3rd Global Renewable Energy Investment Meeting and Expo.
The Union Cabinet has given its approval to introduce the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme in 10 more sectors for enhancing India’s manufacturing capabilities and exports (Atmanirbhar Bharat). Earlier, the government had announced a production linked incentive or PLI scheme for medical devices, mobile phones and specified active pharmaceutical ingredients, with a proposed outlay of Rs. 51,311 crore. PLI Scheme: A scheme that aims to give companies incentives on incremental sales from products manufactured in domestic units. The scheme invites foreign companies to set units in India, however, it also aims to encourage local companies to set up or expand existing manufacturing units. Expansion of PLI Scheme to Ten More Sectors: The ten sectors include food processing, telecom, electronics, textiles, specialty steel, automobiles and auto components, solar photo-voltaic modules and white goods such as air conditioners and LEDs. The sectors had been identified on the basis of their potential to create jobs and make India self-reliant. The PLI scheme for these ten sectors will be operational for five years with a total estimated outlay of Rs 1.45 lakh crore. The PLI scheme will be implemented by the concerned ministries/departments.Savings from one PLI scheme of an approved sector can be utilized to fund another sector.The scheme for these sectors will be in addition to the PLI schemes for mobile phones and allied equipment manufacturing, pharmaceutical ingredients and medical devices. Several more pharmaceutical products have been brought under the aegis of the PLI scheme, including complex generics, anti-cancer and diabetic drugs, in-vitro diagnostic devices and special empty capsules. Push to Digital Economy: India is expected to have a USD 1 trillion digital economy by 2025. Additionally, the Government's push for data localization, Internet of Things, projects such as Smart City and Digital India are expected to increase the demand for electronic products. Increase Exports: The Indian pharmaceutical industry is the third largest in the world by volume and 14th largest in terms of value. It contributes 3.5% of the total drugs and medicines exported globally. India is the world's second largest steel producer in the world. It is a net exporter of finished steel. A PLI scheme in Specialty Steel will help in enhancing manufacturing capabilities for value added steel leading to increase in total exports. Specialty steel is made by adding various elements to iron, to achieve various properties, such as heat resistance, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Secure Telecom Infrastructure: Telecom equipment forms a critical and strategic element of building a secured telecom infrastructure and India aspires to become a major original equipment manufacturer of telecom and networking products. Doubling Farmers’ Income: The growth of the processed food industry leads to better price for farmers and reduces high levels of wastage.
The government has banned import of air conditioners in order to boost domestic production. In a notification issued by the Director-General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) on Thursday, split system and others ACs with refrigerants have been moved from "free" to "prohibited" category. The notification states that only the import of air conditioners with refrigerants is prohibited. The government has banned import of air conditioners in order to boost domestic production. China and Thailand are the top exporters of air conditioners to India, as per government data. Together the two contribute over 90% of India’s imports of the good. Mr B Thiagarajan, the Managing Director of Bluestar joined ET Now to talk about the recent measures by the government. He said that these measure by itself does not have much impact on the company & industry but all the measures put together will give a boost to the industry.
With the hopes to make the state the new global electronics hub post the coronavirus pandemic, the Uttar Pradesh government launched a new electronics manufacturing policy. “ With the new UP Electronics Manufacturing Policy 2020, UP will be able to position itself as the leading state ready to welcome global investors making India as an alternative investment destination in the post Covid-19 scenario. It has a goal of inviting investment of ₹40,000 crore in five years and four lakh direct employment,” read a statement released by the state government. The new policy also has a special focus on Purvanchal and Bundelkhand regions. “Addressing the regional imbalance, the new policy will provide special benefits to Purvanchal and Bundelkhand regions. Policy provides very attractive incentives over and above government of India incentives,” the statement further reads. In a bid to attract investors, the new policy has made the investors eligible for capital subsidy of 15% and additional capital subsidy of 10% on investment more than Rs 1,000 crore. “The investors will also get interest subsidy of 5% per annum on the loan obtained from scheduled banks/ financial institutions. The new policy will also provide stamp duty exemption, land subsidy, patent cost reimbursement, electricity duty exemption, incentive for EMC development and individual units,” the statement said. For the Bundelkhand and Purvanchal regions, the new policy has provided 50% land subsidy on prevailing sector rates to the investors. Incentives offered under the new policy will be up to 100% of the fixed capital investment (FCI) excluding PLI incentives offered by the Centre. The statement said the Uttar Pradesh Electronics Manufacturing Policy 201 had got tremendous success and had achieved the investment and employment generation targets in its third year itself.
(ET, Aug 19, 2020)
Electronics permeate all sectors of the economy and the electronics industry has cross-cutting economic and strategic importance. In India, electronics manufacturing has grown rapidly with a CAGR of around 25 percent during the last 4 years. However, this pales in comparison to the actual potential for growth which is curtailed by specific constraints such as large capital investments and rapid changes in technology. The domestic electronics hardware manufacturing sector faces lack of a level playing field vis-à-vis competing nations. The sector suffers disability of around 8.5 percent to 11 percent. With a view to position India as a global hub for electronics system design and manufacturing (ESDM) the government had launched Production Linked Incentive scheme (PLI) for large scale electronics manufacturing in April 2020. The scheme offers a production linked incentive to boost domestic manufacturing and attract large investments in mobile phone manufacturing and specified electronic components, including assembly, testing, marking and packaging (ATMP) units.
Source: TV Veopar
A handful of companies dominate the global digital economy today. While these organisations were nimble enough to extract value from data, others realized its importance much later. Exclusive access to voluminous data and strong network effects give a significant advantage to established players, and act as entry barriers for newer organizations — something the government is acutely aware of. In the next few years, India is projected to be one of the top consumer markets in the world, and can be expected to generate unprecedented volumes of data. The country’s total mobile data traffic would be about 264 exabytes per year by 2025, according to the latest Ericsson Mobility Report. Between 2019 and 2025, the compound annual growth rate of data traffic is expected to be 21 per cent. In this context, the entity that controls data will dominate the data economy. It is for this reason that the Indian government intends to regulate all aspects of data — personal or non-personal. The Government of India had expressed the importance of data for India’s economic growth in the Draft National e-Commerce Policy in 2019 — an aspect cemented in the Committee’s report. The Report recommends a data sharing framework in order to create a level playing field and encourage competition. The Committee has laid the foundation to do so by introducing different categories of NPD.
(The Print, July 24, 2020)
India plans to impose tariffs on imports of lithium-ion cells for as long as a decade and offer incentives to boost local manufacturing as part of a broader effort to scale down trade ties with China, two people aware of the developments said. Tensions along the India-China border have prompted India to use its fast-growing market as a lever to pressure Beijing to back off. India’s plans involve imposing tariff and non-tariff barriers to check Chinese imports. The idea is to avoid repeating what happened with solar equipment manufacturing, where China leveraged its first-mover advantage to capture the market.
Lithium cells are the building blocks of rechargeable batteries for electric vehicles (EVs), laptops and mobile phones. Lithium-based batteries also cater to the consumer electronics industry and power grids, given the intermittent nature of electricity from clean energy sources such as solar and wind. “The Indian government has taken note of China’s dominance in this space and there are geopolitical reasons as well behind devising such an incentive scheme for lithium cells," said one of the people cited above requesting anonymity.
The government plans to offer incentives such as 100% tax deduction of capital expenditure in the first year of operation under Section 35 AD, concessional financing options by giving companies deemed infrastructure status and waiver of minimum alternative tax. There may also be an output-linked cash subsidy based on kilowatt hours (KWh) of cells sold. The ministry of heavy industry has been working on this proposal along with federal policy think-tank NITI Aayog.
“Till March, the ministries and NITI Aayog were working on the proposal. The covid-19 pandemic though can delay introduction of the scheme," said the second person cited above, also seeking anonymity.
Ministry of Electronics & IT has officially launched the three key schemes under National Policy for Electronics to encourage electronics manufacturing in the country. These schemes were earlier approved by the Union cabinet and their Notifications were already under public domain. Now Ministry has come up with the Guidelines, Application forms & Names of Nodal officers for the effective implementation of these schemes. The consolidated budget outlay of the budget of these schemes is approx. INR 48000 Crores.
Please download the details form below link.
1. CBIC has decided to expeditiously process all pending Customs refund and drawback claims in order to provide immediate relief to the business entities, especially MSMEs, in these difficult times. This decision has been announced vide Press Note dated 8th April, 2020 and the benefits will be available till 30th April 2020. Members may download the relevant Press Note from HERE.
2. Ministry of Shipping, Govt. of India in its Order dated 21st April 2020 has provided waivers regarding various payment as chargeable by Ports. These payments may be Lease rentals, License Fee, Detention charges, Demurrage Charges etc. The Order has facilitated the industry through various other provisions, complete information may be referred from HERE.
3. CBIC has earlier issued Public Notice Nos. 21/2020 dt. 25th March 2020, 22/2020 dt. 28th March 2020 and 23/2020 dt. 30th March 2020 wherein certain relaxations were announced to the industry which were applicable till 14.04.2020. These relaxations are regarding Payment of Demurrage Charges, Late Filing of Bill of Entries, Bonds submission at Customs. Now in view of the extension of lockdown period, these relaxations are extended up to 19.04.2020. For further information, Members may download the relevant Customs Circular from HERE.
EPFO has issue a circular dated 15th April 2020, the circular states that: The due date for payment of contributions and administrative charges which was due for the month of March 2020 has been extended from
15th April 2020 to 15th May 2020
. For further information, Members may download the relevant EPFO Circular from
MSME’s related announcements
1. 20% top-up loan, to outstanding loan (as on 29.02.2020) Collateral Free Automatic Loan for MSME. Those MSME having Loan upto 25cr and turnover upto 100cr will be covered in this scheme. 100% Central Govt. Guaranteed. This loan will be for 4 Yrs with a Moratorium of 12 Months.
2. 20,000Cr will be infused as Subordinate Debt for stressed MSME thru CGTSME Trust.
3. There is a Fund of Fund to be created. Rs 50,000cr will be infused as equity to standard MSME. Will help them to expand their capacities.
4. Definition of MSME changed. Investment Limit which defines a SME is changed. Now Turnover criteria is also introduced. Different between manufacturing and service SME is removed. Micro Units- Investment limit increased to 1Cr from 20Lakh. And Turnover can be upto 5Cr. Other changes are also done. For Medium Enterprise the limit increased to 10 Cr Investment and turnover 50Cr. 20Cr and 100Cr
5. Tenders upto 200Cr relating to Govt procurement will not be Global Tenders any more. MSME will get big benefit out of it
6. All Central Govt outstanding will be cleared within 45 Days by Govt Help of all MSME.
EPF Related announcements:
7. EPF Payment was paid by Govt for Mar, April and May now Extended by another 3 Months. 12%+12% will be paid by Govt of India.
8. Contribution reduced from 12% to 10% for those organisation having more than 100 employee is done now.
NBFC related announcements:
9. NBFC, MFI, HFC-Step-1- Special 30,000cr Liquidity window will be given. Govt will buy debt papers of these institutions even if investment grade. These will be fully guaranteed by govt of India.
10. NBFC Step-2- To Give 45,000cr Liquidity to NBFC. First 20% Loss will be born by Govt of India. Even unrated papers will get money under this scheme.
Discoms & Contractors related:
11. Discom not able to pay the power generation Companies. 90,000cr Special fund created to pay all outstanding of Power Generation Companies. PFC and REC will give this money
12. Contractors - Month extension will be given to all Govt contractors of Railways, Roads, Other departments. Govt Agencies will partially release Bank Guarantees to the extent of work completed. A Big Step.
13. Covid19 can be treated as act of God. Using the Force Major Clause the project registration will be extended by 6 Month automatically. Completion dates of existing projects to be extended automatically by 6 Months by Govt authorities.
Direct Tax related:
14. Non Salaried TDS and TCS rates will be reduced by 25% (from existing Level rates). This will be effective from tomorrow and will remain till 31-03-2021.
15. All Pending Refunds will be issued immediately to all to 5 Lakhs.
16. The ITR filing Dates for Assessment Year 2020-21 has been extended to 30th Nov 2020 and Tax Audit Date has been extended to 31st October 2020.
In the light of Corona Virus Outbreak Government has announced several relief measures for the Industry. ELCINA has tried to compile these announcements on the basis of their categories such as Direct Taxes, Indirect Taxes, DGFT&Corporate Affairs related issues. The announcements of relief measures as by various state Governments are also mentioned below.
1. Direct Taxes: (Announced on 24 MAR 2020)
a. Extension of last date of filing of original as well as revised income-tax returns for the FY 2018-19 (AY 2019-20) to 30thJune,2020.
b. Extension of Aadhaar-PAN linking date to 30thJune,2020.
c. The date for making various investment/payment for claiming deduction under Chapter-VIA-B of IT Act which includes Section 80C (LIC, PPF, NSC etc.), 80D(Mediclaim), 80G (Donations), etc. has been extended to 30thJune, 2020. Hence the investment/payment can be made up to 30.06.2020 for claiming the deduction under these sections for FY 2019-20.
d. The date for making investment/construction/purchase for claiming roll over benefit/deduction in respect of capital gains under sections 54 to 54GB of the IT Act has also been extended to 30thJune 2020. Therefore, the investment/ construction/ purchase made up to 30.06.2020 shall be eligible for claiming deduction from capital gains arising during FY2019-20.
e. The date for commencement of operation for the SEZ units for claiming deduction under deduction 10AA of the IT Act has also extended to 30.06.2020 for the units which received necessary approval by31.03.2020.
f. The date for passing of order or issuance of notice by the authorities under various direct taxes&BenamiLaw has also been extended to30.06.2020.
g. It has provided that reduced rate of interest of 9% shall be charged for non-payment of Income-tax (e.g. advance tax, TDS, TCS) Equalization Levy, Securities Transaction Tax (STT), Commodities Transaction Tax (CTT) which are due for payment from 20.03.2020 to 29.06.2020 if they are paid by 30.06.2020. Further, no penalty/ prosecution shall be initiated for thesenon-payments.
h. Under Vivadse VishwasScheme, the date has also been extended up to 30.06.2020. Hence, declaration and payment under the Scheme can be made up to 30.06.2020 without additional payment.
2. Indirect Taxes:(Announced on 24 MAR 2020)
a. Those having aggregate annual turnover less than Rs. 5 Crore Last date can file GSTR-3B due in March, April and May 2020 by the last week of June, 2020. No interest, late fee, and penalty to be charged.
Ø Others can file returns due in March, April and May 2020 by last week of June 2020 but the same would attract reduced rate of interest @9 % per annum from 15 days.
b. after due date (current interest rate is 18 % per annum). No late fee and penalty to be charged, if complied before till 30th June 2020.
c. Date for opting for composition scheme is extended till the last week of June, 2020. Further, the last date for making payments for the quarter ending 31st March, 2020 and filing of return for 2019-20 by the composition dealers will be extended till the last week of June, 2020.
d. Date for filing GST annual returns of FY 18-19, which is due on 31st March, 2020 is extended till the last week of June 2020.
e. Due date for issue of notice, notification, approval order, sanction order, filing of appeal, furnishing of return, statements, applications, reports, any other documents, time limit for any compliance under the GST laws where the time limit is expiring between 20th March 2020 to 29th June 2020 shall be extended to 30th June 2020.
f. Necessary legal circulars and legislative amendments to give effect to the aforesaid GST relief shall follow with the approval of GST Council.
a. 24X7 Custom clearance till end of 30th June, 2020
b. Due date for issue of notice, notification, approval order, sanction order, filing of appeal, furnishing applications, reports, any other documents etc., time limit for any compliance under the Customs Act and other allied Laws where the time limit is expiring between 20th March 2020 to 29th June 2020 shall be extended to 30th June 2020.
c. Wherever the last date for filing of appeal, refund applications etc., under the Customs Act, 1962 and rules made thereunder is from 20thMarch 2020 to 29thJune 2020, the same has been extended to30thJune2020.
d. Wherever the last date for filing of appeal etc., relating to Service Tax is from 20thMarch 2020 to 29thJune 2020, the same has been extended to30thJune2020
e. The date for making payment to avail of the benefit under SabkaVishwasLegal Dispute Resolution Scheme 2019 has been extended to 30th June 2020 thus giving more time to taxpayers toget their disputesresolved.
f. Last date of furnishing of the Central Excise returns due in March, April andMay 2020 has been extended to 30th June,2020.
g. Wherever the last date for filing of appeal, refund applications etc., under the Central Excise Act,1944andrules made thereunder is from 20th March 2020 to 29thJune 2020, the same has been extended to 30thJune2020.
3. DGFT announcements:(Announced on 1st April 2020)
a. DGFT has extended the Foreign Trade Policy 2015-2020 and the Hand book of Procedure 2015-2020 from 31.3.2020 to 31.3.2021. A copy of Notification 57 dated 31st March 2020 and Public Notice 67 dated 31st March, 2020 are available on DGFT website www.dgft.gov.in.
b. The extension by implication means continuation of all schemes in the Foreign Trade Policy like MEIS (except for Garment and Made-ups which are eligible for RoSCTL/RoDTEP benefit), Advance Authorisation, DFIA , EPCG, EOU , Deemed Export etc till 31st March 2021. However, for SEIS the rates for 2019-2020 will be notified separately and decision on continuation of scheme for services rendered beyond 1st April 2020 will be notified separately.
c. For Advance Authorisation, where validity of authorization or Export Obligation period is expiring between 1st Feb to 31st July 2020, the period of validity or Export Obligation is automatically extended by six months from the date of expiry.
d. For DFIA Authorisation, where validity of authorization is expiring between 1st Feb to 31st July 2020, the period of validity is automatically extended by six months from the date of expiry.
e. For EPCG Authorisation, where validity of authorization is expiring between 1st Feb to 31st July 2020, the period of validity is automatically extended by six months from the date of expiry .
f. For MEIS shipment with Let Export Order date falling between 1st Feb -31st May 2019, the applications can be filed within 15 months as against the normal time limit of 12 months.
g. On the basis of EPCES submission all LOP/LOI issued to EOU/EHTP /STP/BTP expiring on or after 1st March 2020 are deemed to be valid till 31.12.2020. For SEZs, SEZ Division of Department of Commerce has already issued directions to DC vide their OM dated 30.3.2020.
h. EOU/SEZs who have renewed or newly applied for RCMC of EPCES during 20th to 31st March 2020, the same will be approved and available in its online RCMC Portal till normalcy. On the request of EPCES, DGFT has also issued Trade Notice No. 60 dated 31.3.2020 directing RAs not to insist for RCMC till September 2020.
4. Corporate Affairs:(Announced on 24 MAR 2020)
a. No additional fees shall be charged for late filing during a moratorium period from 01st April to 30th September 2020, in respect of any document, return, statement etc., required to be filed in the MCA-21 Registry, irrespective of its due date, which will not only reduce the compliance burden, including financial burden of companies/ LLPs at large, but also enable long-standing non-compliant companies/ LLPs to make a ‘fresh start’;
b. The mandatory requirement of holding meetings of the Board of the companies within prescribed interval provided in the Companies Act (120 days), 2013, shall be extended by a period of 60 days till next two quarters i.e., till 30th September;
c. Applicability of Companies (Auditor’s Report) Order, 2020 shall be made applicable from the financial year 2020-2021 instead of from 2019-2020 notified earlier. This will significantly ease the burden on companies &their auditors for the year 2019-20.
d. As per Schedule 4 to the Companies Act, 2013, Independent Directors are required to hold at least one meeting without the attendance of Non-independent directors and members of management. For the year 2019-20, if the IDs of a company have not been able to hold even one meeting, the same shall not be viewed as a violation.
e. Requirement to create a Deposit reserve of 20% of deposits maturing during the financial year 2020-21 before 30th April 2020 shall be allowed to be complied with till 30th June 2020.
f. Requirement to invest 15% of debentures maturing during a particular year in specified instruments before 30th April 2020, may be done so before 30th June 2020.
g. Newly incorporated companies are required to file a declaration for Commencement of Business within 6 months of incorporation. An additional time of 6 more months shall be allowed.
h. Non-compliance of minimum residency in India for a period of at least 182 days by at least one director of every company, under Section 149 of the Companies Act, shall not be treated as a violation.
i. Due to the emerging financial distress faced by most companies on account of the large-scale economic distress caused by COVID 19, it has been decided to raise the threshold of default under section 4 of the IBC 2016 to Rs 1 crore (from the existing threshold of Rs 1 lakh). This will by and large prevent triggering of insolvency proceedings against MSMEs. If the current situation continues beyond 30th of April 2020, we may consider suspending section 7, 9 and 10 of the IBC 2016 for a period of 6 months so as to stop companies at large from being forced into insolvency proceedings in such force majeure causes of default.
Detailed notifications/circulars in this regard shall be issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs separately.
Central Government Circulars/Orders:
Ministry / Dept
Link for attachment
No 40-3/2020-DM-I (A)
Govt. off India Orders Complete Lockdown for a period of 21 Days starting from 25th March 2020
No 40-3/2020-DM-I (A)
Govt. off India issues revised/consolidated Guidelines providing relief regarding movement of Goods without any distinction between Essential and Non- essential
Min. of Finance
NA (24th March?)
Hon’ble FM announced various relief measures for the industry with respect to regulatory & Compliance matters
31st March 20
FTP 2015-20 and all its provisions will be applicable till 31 march 2021 as against 31March 2020. MEIS Benefits has been extended by one more year.
Min. of Civil Aviation
F. No. AV 2901214112020, 1April 20
Demurrage charges will be reduced by 50% till 16th April 20v
Min. of Shipping
Shipping lines are advised not to impose any container detention charge on import shipments from 25th March, 20 to 7th April, 20
26th March 2020
Helpdesk has been operationalized by DGFT for export/import related issues being faced in the current situation. All issues related to Department of Commerce/DGFT may be forwarded at firstname.lastname@example.org
28th march 2020
DPIIT has setup helpline for manufacturer, transporter, distributor, wholesaler or e-commerce companies which are facing any ground level difficulties in transport and distribution of goods or mobilization of resources. Grievances can be emailed to "email@example.com" or may call @ (011-23062487).
26th March 20
MSEs engaged in manufacturing of hand sanitizers, masks, gloves, head gear, body suits, shoe-covers, ventilators, goggles, testing labs etc. can avail loans up to Rs. 50 lakh at a fixed interest rate of 5 per cent for a loan repayment tenure of 5 years. These are collateral free loans and may be sanctioned within 48 hours of applying and submission of documents.
Min. of Labour
Ministry of Labour order regarding Wage Cut of employees due to CoVID-19 outbreak
Min. of Finance
3rd April 20
Requirement of Bonds has been waived with a view to expedite Customs clearance of goods and for maintaining balance between Customs control and facilitation of legitimate trade
STATE GOVT ANNOUNCEMENTS
Link for attachment
Waiver of Fixed Charges on Electricity Bills for Industrial Units
157/2020-CX-3, dt. 29March20
Partial Opening of All Manufacturing Units in UP while maintain Social distancing
Implementation MHA order dated 24March20
29 March 20
Permission of Partial Opening up of Industry & Transport
Relief regarding Electricity & Water Bills of Industrial Units & Farmers
Electronics Manufacturing has been declared as one of the focus sectors for development in India and we have been one of the world's fastest growing electronics manufacturing hubs. With supportive policies and favourable eco-system the sector has grown rapidly over the past 4-5 years at a CAGR of approximately 25% from USD 29 Bn in 2014-15 reaching USD 70 Billion in 2018-19, against total demand of US$ 127 Bn. India’s share in global electronics manufacturing has grown almost 2.5 times in 6 years i.e. from 1.3% in 2012 to 3.0% in 2018 while Exports of electronic goods have also increased substantially from USD 6.4 Bn in 2017-18 to USD 8.8 Bn in 2018-19. While all segments have grown, the bright spot has been that India emerged as the second largest manufacturer of mobile phones in the world in 2018. The production of mobile phones in the country has gone up 8 times in last 4 years i.e. from USD 3 Bn in 2014-15 to USD 24 Bn in 2018-19 and majority of the domestic demand is being met through domestic production. Other segments which have shown remarkable double digit growth are Automotive/Industrial Electronics, LED Lighting, Defence Electronics and Consumer Electronics which includes a wide variety of products. The National Policy on Electronics 2019 (NPE 2019) was announced last year, as a successor to the NPE 2012, to accelerate the growth of Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) sector and position India as one of the global hubs. This policy seeks to provide incentives to investments in the electronics sector to expand and diversify electronics manufacturing into sectors like medical, automobile, EVs, defense, components and in emerging domains such as 5G, IoT, Artificial Intelligence and more. The underlying objective is to enhance domestic value addition, R&D, Innovation and encourage exports. Accordingly, the Government announced 3 key Schemes under NPE 2019 on 20th March 2020 which are aimed at incentivizing large-scale manufacturing, developing a robust supply chain ecosystem and building new manufacturing clusters in the country. The three Schemes above, PLI, SPECS and EMC 2.0 together constitute the foundation of NPE 2019 and are together expected to enable large scale electronics manufacturing, a domestic supply chain ecosystem of components and state-of-the-art infrastructure and common facilities for large anchor units and their supply chain partners. It will contribute significantly to achieving a USD 1 Trillion digital economy and a USD 5 Trillion GDP by 2025. These Schemes will also leapfrog India towards a US$ 400 Bn ESDM Industry, higher value addition moving us from assembly to real manufacturing and overcome the 8-10% disability faced by manufacturers.
Production Linked Incentive Scheme (PLI) for Large Scale Electronics Manufacturing:
Scheme for Promotion of manufacturing of Electronic Components and Semiconductors (SPECS):
•SPECS will strengthen the domestic manufacturing ecosystem for electronic components and semiconductors by incentivizing investments in these segments
•The Scheme will provide an incentive of 25% on capital expenditure pertaining to plant, machinery, equipment, associated utilities and technology, including R&D for the identified list of components, semiconductors, ATMP Units, specialized sub-assemblies and Capital Goods.
•Government has earmarked an outlay of INR 3,285 Cr which can be awarded over a period of 8 years
•The scheme focuses on high value added manufacturing, the lack of which hampers the design, development and assembly of the downstream value chain of electronic products
•The scheme will be applicable to investments in new units and expansion of capacity/ modernization and diversification of existing units.
•Duration of the Scheme for receiving applications is 3 years from the date of its notification. The incentives will be available for investment made within 5 years from the date of acknowledgement of application.
•It is envisaged that SPECS will create around 600,000 (direct and indirect) jobs.
Modified Electronics Manufacturing Clusters Scheme (EMC 2.0):
•The EMC 2.0 Scheme is a successor to the EMC Scheme of 2012 with the objective to support setting up of world class infrastructure for electronics manufacturing (with minimum area of 200 acre Clusters) along with industry specific facilities like Common Facility Centers, Ready Built Factory Sheds / Plug and Play facilities, Social Infrastructure etc.
•Will provide 50% of project cost as grant subject to a ceiling of INR 70 crore for every 100 acres of land for common infrastructure development
•EMC 2.0 also provides for Common Facility Centre (CFC) with financial assistance of upto 75% of the project cost subject to a ceiling of Rs.75 crore.
•Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMCs) will require confirmed participation and investment from Anchor Units which must occupy atleast 20% of the allocable area with supporting/ancillary units for encouraging development of supply chain and ecosystem for the electronics industry.
•Government has earmarked a budgetary outlay of Rs. 3,762.25 crore for this scheme over a period of 8 years. The scheme is expected to create around 10 Lakh (direct and indirect) jobs.
ELCINA is actively supporting its members and provide guidance to industry members who are keen to avail benefits under these Schemes. www.elcina.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
GST Council in the 39th meeting held on 14th March, 2020 at New Delhi took
following decisions relating to changes in GST rates on supply of goods and services.
1. The recommendation of the Fitment Committee for calibrating the GST rate structure to correct the inverted duty structure on various items like Mobile phones, Footwear, Textiles and Fertilizers was placed before the GST Council for discussion. The Council had a detailed discussion on the matter. Upon discussion the Council made the following recommendations:-
a. To raise the GST rate on Mobile Phones and specified parts presently attracting 12% to 18%.
b. To deliberate the issue of calibrating the rate in other items for removing inversion in future meetings with further consultation and examination of issue.
2. GST rate on all types of matches (Handmade and other than Handmade) has been rationalised to 12% (from 5% on Handmade matches and 18% on other matches). This would address the classification issues. This issue was deliberated earlier in the 37th meeting and was pending for decision.
3. To reduce GST rate on Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) services in respect of aircraft from 18% to 5% with full ITC and to change the place of supply for B2B MRO services to the location of recipient. This change is likely to assist in setting up of MRO services in India. Domestic MRO will also get protection due to 5% tax paid under section
3(7) of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 on most imported goods (sent abroad for repairs) as this tax is not available as credit.
Note: It is proposed to issue notifications giving effect to these recommendations of the Council on 01st April, 2020.
In a bid to make India an attractive investment destination, the Indian government had taken a slew of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) measures. The Centre cleared FDIs in contract manufacturing, single brand retail, insurance and digital media, hoping to increase the FDI inflow in the country. Needless to say, the steps will improve the current growth situation in the country and usher in relief. But, as per experts there was room for more such announcements. In a bid to discuss the reforms and outline a vision on what more needs to be done, PwC in association with CNBC-TV18 held a discussion on FDI Reforms & Tax Incentives, during which experts Ramesh Abhishek, former Secretary, Department of Industry Policy & Promotion; Jayant Dasgupta, former DTO Ambassador; and Akash Gupt, Partner & Leader- Regulatory Services, PwC India spoke at length about FDI, corporate tax and job creation. Speaking about the favourable corporate climate and how much does India stand to gain, Abhishek said the FDI move will put things in perspective. Many of these FDI changes that have been done in last few month, they were in the works for some time and last of the FDI reforms done by the government in the last few years have been done on feedback. I think the government has been responding to many of these (suggestions), and all these put together actually create a conducive environment climate,” said Abhishek.
(Money Control, Jan 13, 2020)
The Indian government is working on a national blockchain strategy in order to expand the technology’s adoption in the country. As the India Times reported on Nov. 27, India’s Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) said that it recognizes the potential of blockchain technology and the need for the development of a shared infrastructure to carry out related use cases. The Ministry added that it is working on the “National Level Blockchain Framework.”
The Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Communications and Electronics and IT, Sanjay Dhotre, noted blockchain’s capability and potential in sectors such as governance, banking, finance and cybersecurity, among others. Cointelegraph previously reported that the Indian state of Tamil Nadu was working on a state-level policy for blockchain technology and artificial intelligence. Tamil Nadu’s blockchain and AI policies are expected to establish ground rules on how the state government can apply the emerging technologies for service delivery and solving governance issues.
Earlier this year, the Southern Indian state of Telangana also released a draft blockchain policy initiative, which aimed to establish an ecosystem for blockchain startups and research institutes. The initiative reportedly has a particular focus on projects working to develop blockchain applications for the banking and financial sector, pharmaceuticals, logistics and solutions for government sectors. India’s government is set to embrace blockchain through the adoption of a national strategy focused on the emerging technology. Sanjay Dhotre, minister of state for electronics and information technology in the government of India, today said that a “National Level Blockchain Framework is being prepared” considering the technology’s potential and different use cases. The minister went on to say that blockchain is “one of the important research areas” with potential applications in areas such as governance, banking, finance, and cybersecurity. To that end, the country's Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has also supported a blockchain project, dubbed “Distributed Centre of Excellence in Blockchain Technology,” in an association with other government agencies, including the Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology.
In a move that may be a boost for hi-tech companies like Apple, Samsung, etc., the government is likely to formulate a separate policy for electronics to attract higher foreign direct investment (FDI) and make the country an export hub. This means electronics will not form part of the easing of the 30% local sourcing norms for single-brand retail, about which finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman spoke in the Budget. For all practical purposes, no mandatory local sourcing norms may apply for electronics companies which make manufacturing bases in the country for export purposes. Analysts said sectors other than electronics may be clubbed together as single-brand retail and the new, eased 30% sourcing norms would apply to them. “Electronics has an issue of imports. It is the third-largest category that eats up into our forex,” said Ankur Bisen, senior vice-president at Technopak Advisors. Bisen said the government should also mull extending the three-year period exemption, currently provided to companies undertaking retail trading of products having state-of-the-art technology, for sourcing products domestically. A move to this effect will give such companies more time to develop their factories and network of vendors in India.
(FE, July 16, 2019)
In a major change from the e-commerce policy draft, commerce minister Piyush Goyal has decided to keep data localization norms out of the final policy, leaving the proposed data protection legislation to deal with the matter. In a meeting with 25 major e-commerce players, including Amazon and Flipkart, Goyal said data protection would now be handled by the nodal ministry of electronics and information technology (MeitY), which is working on a data protection bill, two industry representatives who attended the meeting said on condition of anonymity. “This is a positive development. There were conflicting provisions in the draft e-commerce policy and the Personal Data Protection Bill. To have one point of reference for data-related issues is always welcome," said one of the participants cited above. Separately, Flipkart Group CEO Kalyan Krishnamurthy, who was one of the participants, said in a statement: “We appreciate the initiative of commerce minister Mr Piyush Goyal to engage in a candid, positive and progressive discussion aimed at creating a vibrant e-commerce market and Digital India. We look forward to working with the ministry and many other stakeholders to realize this growth dream."
(LiveMint, June 26, 2019)
The government's ambitious projects including Digital India and Bharat Net will get a major boost with Ravi Shankar Prasad taking charge of both communications and electronics and IT ministry on Monday. Digital India 2.0 and the next phase of BPO (business process outsourcing) policy in rural and far-flung areas is already being developed by the ministry of electronics and IT.There have been some delays and many coordination issues between the implementing body of Bharat Net, which falls under communications (telecom) ministry and Common Service Centers, which comes under the domain of electronics and IT ministry, according to senior officials. CSCs provide last-mile connectivity from gram panchayats till where optical fibre of Bharat Net reaches. Bharat Net is one of the ambitious programmes of the previous government to provide internet connectivity in the rural hinterlands. About 1.5 lakh gram panchayats have already been connected through optical fibre but not all have lit up as there are last mile issues. In the previous government, Prasad was handling electronics and IT ministry. Now, with the same minister at the helm of both the ministries, the coordination issues are expected to resolve at a faster pace. Though Prasad was given the charge of both ministries in 2014, later Manoj Sinha was made telecom minister when the issue of call drops was at the peak.
(DNA, June 02, 2019)
Making a giant leap towards realising its dream of becoming the national blockchain capital, Telangana has released a draft blockchain policy, conceptualising India’s first ‘Blockchain District’—‘a physical area within Hyderabad aimed at creating the world’s best blockchain technology ecosystem’. This ‘Blockchain District’ will not only house all the major blockchain companies, but also a massive incubator for startups, and a facility for promoting research, innovation and industry collaboration. The draft, released by the Information Technology, Electronics and Communications (IT E&C) department, says that the focus will remain on adoption of Blockchain in sectors such as banking, financial services and insurance (BFSI), pharmaceuticals and healthcare, government institutions and departments, and logistics and supply chains. It is also planning on doling out incentives such as access to investments, subsidies, tax credits, and so on, to attract enterprises, SMEs and startups. The incentives include 25 per cent subsidy on lease rentals up to `5 lakh per annum for the first three years of operations, and so on. For startups with revenues less than `5 crore, the State government will be reimbursing a 100 per cent of State Goods and Services Tax (SGST ) for the first three years. It also proposes a grant of `10 lakh for 10 blockchain startups every year for the next three years.
(Indian Express, May 26, 2019)
The Union Cabinet on February 28, 2019 has approved the National Policy on Software Products to develop India as a Software Product Nation and aims to formulate several schemes, initiatives, projects and measures for the development of Software products sector in the country and also, to position India as a hub for software products development. The drive behind this policy is to accelerate the growth of entire spectrum of IT industry in the country. The preamble of the Policy states that according to NASSCOM the Information Technology and Information Technology Enabled Services (IT-ITES) industry is generating an estimated revenue of around USD 168 billion, including export of USD 126 billion on an annual basis, which is around 8% contribution to India's GDP. The industry is also one of the largest organised sector employers, generating nearly 14 million direct and indirect jobs. It is further estimated that the industry can contribute up to 350 billion USD accounting to 10 percent of India's GDP by 2025. The policy talks about the positive aspects of developing the software product industry and in order to keep pace with the advancement of technology globally, higher level of innovations are required for leveraging new and emerging technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Block Chain etc. to the maximum advantage across sectors of the economy. The "National Policy on Software Product" (NPSP) is the first significant step towards achieving this goal. The objective behind the policy is to create a software product hub in the Country driven by innovation, improved commercialization, sustainable Intellectual property (IP), promoting technology start-ups and specialized skill sets, for development of the sector, based on ICT.
(Mondaq, Apr 01, 2019)
The advent of e-commerce in India 'smartly' altered the shopping habits of Indian netizens. Anything and everything - from groceries to apparel to electronics etc. – is now just a click away. For a while, it appeared that 'couch potato shopping' was gaining prominence and disrupting the entire brick-and-mortar business. It now emerges that this has not really happened. Despite causing disruptions, the 'e-commerce effect' was not enough to have a significant and lasting impact on the conventional retail formats. For a while, online giants like Amazon and Walmart-owned Flipkart were basking in the rising success of the effervescent Indian e-commerce business arena. They were maneuvering strategies to penetrate deeper into newer markets by way of discounts for their customers. And then, the Government pulled out a wild card - and thereby threw a major spanner in the works - with the new e-commerce policy. It came as a shock for the affected entities, including consumers who were buried deep in the world of cash-backs and deep discounts. However, thanks to the new policy, traditional retailers now had a more level playing field and could gain a significant share of their brick-and-mortar stores.
(BBN Times, Apr 01, 2019)
A government policy that was seen as a death knell for several Indian e-commerce companies is instead proving to be a big boon for the sector. The cash burn of e-commerce players in India is expected to decline to 12% this year as compared to 15% in 2018, consulting firm Redseer said in a report on March 31. By 2023 it is expected to come down to 5%. This is mostly thanks to the new e-commerce policy announced last December by the government, barring online retailers from offering deep discounts, Redseer said. Cash burn is the share of a company’s sales that it spends to finance overheads, before generating positive cash flows from its business. Over the past decade, it has led to online players piling up huge losses.
(Quartz India, Apr 01, 2019)
With the General Election set to occur in the next 60 days; the 16th Lok Sabha has been dissolved. The last session of the Parliament which concluded on February 13 saw the lapse of at least 22 Bills passed by Lok Sabha. The Bills could not be introduced in the Rajya Sabha. Among the Bills was also the Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Bill 2019 which the government has now implemented through the ordinance route after the Cabinet’s approval. The anticipated draft Bill that was not introduced in the 16th Lok Sabha was Personal Data Protection Bill 2018. However, the major policy changes since then be it, in RBI data-related circular, Aadhaar Amendment, TRAI circular and now draft ecommerce policy by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has consistently in line with the draft PDP Bill, asking data fiduciaries of their domain areas to store Indian users’ data in India/ India only, depending upon the criticality of data. In addition to data privacy measures, the draft ecommerce policy also restricts ecommerce marketplaces from offering unlimited discounts and disallows ownership in vendors. Walmart which expects a $1.5 Bn loss from Flipkart this year expects another $280 Mn loss due to these regulatory measures. However, the executive vice president and CFO Brett Biggs said the company has already made adjustments regarding FDI policy and is ready to move forward.
(Inc 42, Mar 09, 2019)
US technology companies and Indian startups are working overtime to put together a response within a week to the government’s proposed ecommerce policy, which is being touted as a digital economy policy that will have far-reaching impact on the country’s technology ambitions. The policy deals with contentious subjects such as data dominance, data sovereignty and abuse of market power by big technology companies. The proponents of the policy argue that India needs to protect its data to make it available for Indian startups while the opposing camp sees the policy as protectionist that will stifle innovation, foreign capital flow and hurt consumer choice. “This policy is not about only ecommerce, there is social media, cloud and everything in between,” said Nikhil Narendran, Partner at Trilegal. “It’s a huge hit on consumer choice. It’s like an internet blockade.” The policy proposes that all ecommerce websites selling to Indian consumers and apps available for downloading in India have a registered business entity here. These technology companies must provide government access to source code, algorithms of AI systems and are barred from sharing of sensitive data of Indian users with third party entities, even with consent. The last date for response to the draft policy is March 9. To ensure that India’s. data is used for the country’s development, and Indian citizens and companies get the economic benefits from the monetization of data, the policy proposes that antitrust regime must take into account the network effect — a phenomenon wherein increased numbers of people or participants improve the value of a goods or service.
(ET, Mar 04, 2019)
Industry experts believe that the National Electronic Policy 2019, passed last week by the Union Cabinet, can provide an impetus to Make in India (MII) and its efforts to become a global hub for Electronic System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM), apart from making electronics sector more competitive. “The policy offers significant support for the electronics sector. It is export focussed and aims to take Indian electronic manufacturing to the next level. As a rising economy, and the world’s largest market for mobile phones, India sadly does not have a competitive electronics sector. This policy aims at ensuring Indian manufacturing in the electronics sector gets its rightful place,” Lloyd Mathias, senior technology executive and former Asia Marketing Head of HP, told BusinessLine. The last electronic policy was unveiled 2012. The new policy targets $400 billion turnover by 2025 from domestic manufacturing, setting up cluster for the entire value chain and employing over 1 crore people directly or otherwise to achieve a growth rate of 32 per cent.
(BusinessLine, Feb 26, 2019)
The Union Cabinet on Tuesday (19 February) approved the National Electronics Policy 2019 which aims to achieve a turnover of Rs 2,600,000 crores ($400 billion) by 2025 via the domestic electronics manufacturing ecosystem. It envisages setting up a cluster of the entire value chain and generate over 1 crore directly or indirect jobs to achieve a growth rate of 32 per cent. The Policy aims to catapult India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) by incentivizing and building capabilities in the country for developing core components, including chipsets, and creating an environment for the industry to compete globally. Unveiling the new policy, Ravi Shankar Prasad, IT minister, said in a briefing "We aim to target Rs 26,00,000 crores ($400 billion) turnover by 2025 and are targeting a growth rate of 32 per cent from the current 26.7 per cent globally in five years. With the new policy, the electronic manufacturing sector alone will provide employment to about 1 crore people". By creating an enabling ecosystem for globally competitive ESDM sector and promotion of domestic manufacturing and export in the entire value-chain of ESDM, the policy sets an ambitious production target of 100 crore mobile handsets by 2025, valued at approximately Rs 1,300,000 crore .
(Swarajya, Feb 21, 2019)
Foxconn, the world’s largest contract manufacturer, has flagged its concerns to the government over delays in refunds of about Rs 1,000 crore under the goods and services tax regime, saying one of its key India units has been left cash-starved and this could hurt plans to deepen local production of electronics. “An inverted duty structure has created working capital issues as some states are lingering on refund by months together and this is severely impacting companies like the Foxconn unit located in Andhra Pradesh, which is left without funds to pay vendors,” a person aware of the development told ET. Duty structure is considered inverted when components are taxed at a higher rate than the final product. In this case, while mobile handsets are subject to 12% GST, some components are taxed at 18%. Other contract manufacturers such as Wistron, which makes some iPhone models, Dixon and US-based Flex also face similar issues on refunds, totalling a combined Rs 2,500 crore, said Pankaj Mohindroo, president, Indian Cellular and Electronics Association of India (ICEA).
(ET, Jan 30, 2019)
Amid speculation over the shape of the Narendra Modi government’s last Budget before the Lok Sabha polls, the finance ministry on Wednesday clarified that it will be called ‘Interim Budget 2019-20’. “This Budget will be called Interim Budget 2019-20and, therefore, don't have any confusion on this issue,” a finance ministry spokesperson told reporters. The spokesperson’s statement referred to what the Budget speech and documents will officially be titled. The statement came a day after a workshop of Press Information Bureau officers where officers were reportedly told that the Budget will be titled ‘General Budget 2019-20’. This information was shared with some journalists and that led to some confusion. Even after the finance ministry's clarification, some PIB officers insisted that the official press releases pertaining to the Budget on February 1 will be titled 'General Budget 2019-20'. There have been suppositions among markets and policy watchers that, as the government heads into Lok Sabha elections 2019 after losses in three state elections, the 2019-20 Budget could be more than just a vote-on-account.
(BS, Jan 30, 2019)
Concerned about the impact of online shopping on their business, brick-and-mortar retailers in India had long been lobbying the government to tighten rules on e-commerce giants in India. Traditional retailers like Prashant Redekar, who runs a mobile phone shop in Mumbai, are pleased that India plans to roll out a new foreign direct investment (FDI) e-commerce policy on Friday, which will place restrictions on discounting and exclusive tie-ups with brands. “We've definitely seen a decline in footfall because of online shopping,” says Mr Redekar. E-commerce marketplaces “are giving discounts that you won't get in the shops and some phones are only available online”. Many mobile phone shops have already closed down because they could not survive the intense competition from online retailers and he hopes the new regulations will help ensure that his business does not suffer the same fate. But foreign-owned e-commerce companies such as Amazon and Flipkart, which dominate the e-commerce sector in India, are understood to be highly concerned about the impact of the new regulations on their revenues and want New Delhi to postpone, or scrap the launch of the policy altogether. The new restrictions could reduce online sales by $46 billion (Dh168.8bn) by 2022, Reuters cited a draft analysis by PwC as estimating.
(The National, Jan 28, 2019)
To get their expectations fulfilled in upcoming interim Budget 2019, the Electronic Industries Association of India (ELCINA) recommended high focus on promoting investments in electronic component manufacturing and investment promotion in high value added manufacturing segments such as components (PIEMEC Group), PCB’s, ATMP in semiconductors and EMS. ELCINA said “MSMEs must have a specific mention in this budget as they are not getting benefits under current MSME Act definition which defines a very low Investment Limit of only up to Rs 10 Cr for Medium Scale enterprises.” It suggested 100% exemption of direct tax on export profits for first 5 years followed by 50% exemption for the next 5 years and 6% interest subvention as currently available for the garments industry @3%. Further to kick start the export of electronics from the country, and also attract large domestic and foreign investments in the sector, it recommended support for export via 200% deduction of trade fair expenses to grow this industry and focus on exports, this support from government is crucial, especially for MSME’s. ELCINA in its pre-budget recommendation said “We are recommending 200% as the total expenses for a trade fair are about double of the amount paid to the organizers for space and construction.” In its pre-budget proposal, ELCINA recommended that Value Added Manufacturing Scheme (VAMS) should be announced in line with MSIPS for high value addition segments such as Components, PCBs & ATMP by providing direct investment subsidy.
(KNN India, Jan 25, 2019)
The government may put on hold its recent notification advancing the date of levying duties on imported electronic components under a Make In India plan after handset makers with domestic manufacturing and assembling facilities protested that these levies would increase the cost of locally manufactured mobile phones, making it cheaper to import them and effectively killing some 100-odd plants already set up for assembly. “We are seriously considering the proposal made by industry associations and device makers, and will soon announce our decision to address the problem,” a senior government official, who didn’t wish to be identified, told ET. The government advanced the timetable of its Phased Manufacturing Programme (PMP) earlier this month. Beginning February 1, import of LCD (display panel) assembly, vibrator motor and touch panel were scheduled to attract 12.5% countervailing duty (CVD) on imports and excise duty of 1% without input tax credit. The government says it is bringing forward the date by only two months from April 1 to February 1 to coincide with the Budget. But some in the industry had earlier inferred that they could start manufacturing these components locally any time before March 31, 2020, and hence had planned their investments accordingly.
(ET, Jan 23, 2019)
List of Electronic items on which GST reduced from 28% to 18% (As announced on 10th November 2017)
Reflecting the series of policy reforms taken by the Indian government as well as various state governments’, India has jumped 23 positions in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business report 2019, reaching 77th position from its rank of 100 in 2017, among the 190 countries assessed by the World Bank. “With 13 reforms between them, China and India — two of the world’s largest economies — are among the 10 top improvers,” the World Bank had said in its report. The policy initiatives do reflect in the Global Competitiveness Index 4.0 2018 Rankings as well, where India is currently ranked at 58th, up 5 positions from last year. In its annual report, the World Economic Forum observed, “India has demonstrated sizeable improvements over the past year. Compared with the 2017 back cast edition, India is up five places, the largest gain by any of the G20 economies.”
(Inc42, Nov 08, 2018)
Foreign companies left out of the deliberations in the initial round of the e-commerce policy have approached the government to be consulted by the committee of secretaries. During the initial discussions on the draft e-commerce policy released in July, the government had invited e-commerce and internet companies with Indian-led promoters to be part of the task force that deliberated on the draft policy, leaving the foreign companies upset. This time, Industries bodies like US-India Strategic Partnership Forum (USISPF) have sent formal representations to the ministry of commerce and industry to be included in the drafting of the e-commerce bill.
(The Indian Wire, Sep 22, 2018)
The commerce department has asserted that India requires a domestic ecommerce policy as there was pressure from developed countries on it to take part in WTO negotiations on online trade and also to counter China’s domination in the digital space. The commerce department’s draft ecommerce policy has come in for criticism from several quarters including government departments and ministers, as reported by ET on Wednesday. But a commerce department official said such a policy was needed by India to safeguard its interests and other ministries and departments were shying away from their responsibilities. The idea of the policy was to create a robust information base, facilitate an ecosystem for domestic economy, strengthen consumer protection in the ecommerce space, ensure safety of personal and community data in the country and become WTO compliant, said another official justifying the department’s initiative.
(ET, Aug 10, 2018)
The controversial draft policy on ecommerce, which proposes up to 49% foreign direct investment (FDI) in inventory-based ecommerce and pitches for data localisation, has irked various ministries and government departments, with many questioning the rationale behind key proposals.
Sources told ET that some ministries and departments feel the draft policy encroaches on their domain as it deals with many issues outside the remit of the commerce department, which is looking to issue a draft within the next 10 days after incorporating the views of stakeholders. These ministries have expressed their reservations during consultations and are expected to put their objections in writing, the people said.
The department of industrial policy and promotion (DIPP) did not favour an upfront FDI cap for inventory based models. The policy proposes up to 49% FDI in such Indian-controlled entities for 100% locally made goods.
(ET, Aug 09, 2018)
The second draft of e-commerce policy incorporating inputs from stake-holders is expected to be placed in public domain in a fortnight, a senior official said. “The Government wants the e-commerce policy to be in place as soon as possible,” the Joint Secretary. In the Commerce and Industry Ministry, Sudhanshu Pandey, said at a roundtable organized by traders’ body CAIT. The government has an open mind regarding e-commerce policy and based on suggestions and inputs received from the stakeholders, the second draft of the e-commerce policy would be placed in public domain likely in the next fortnight, the official said.
TOI, Aug 08, 2018)
The draft National E-Commerce policy, of which MediaNama has a copy (pdf), includes debatable requirements like data localisation, an audit of foreign companies’ source code, mandating RuPay on every e-commerce website, using Jan Dhan account transactions to create a creditworthiness profile of individual users, amongst others. The 19-page policy is representative of the interests of the government-constituted ecommerce think tank. It prioritizes e-commerce brands which have already been set up in India, and has clauses that discourage the free inflow of foreign capital in e-commerce. This could end up complicating things for the entire Indian e-commerce ecosystem, including consumers. The membership to the think tank excludes foreign-based brands like Amazon, Uber, Visa, MasterCard and others while accommodating companies started in India (though not necessarily incorporated here) like Flipkart, Jio, Ola, MakeMyTrip, Infosys, WIPRO, Paytm, and so on. Like the National Education and the National Telecom Policies which guide the government’s approach for over 10 years, the draft National Electronic Commerce Policy will steer the approach of the government towards e-retailers, digital service providers and anyone else who conducts e-commerce in India.
(Medianama, Aug 07, 2018)
The Digital India programme has transformed into a "mass movement" and the government will soon finalize a new electronics policy to build on the momentum, IT minister Ravi Shankar Prasad has said. It will also push ahead to meet the ambitious goal of increasing the size of India's digital economy to $1 trillion in the coming years. We are soon going to finalize the new electronics policy whose sub-segment will be export-oriented initiatives in the field of electronics. The idea is to make India a big hub of electronics manufacturing to serve domestic as well as outside markets," Prasad told PTI.
(TOI, May 27, 2018)
The government is drafting the upcoming National Electronics Policy (NEP) with an increased focus on exports as it looks to harness the local capacity in electronic goods, including smartphones built for the domestic market, a top official told ET. The idea is to ensure that there is no excess manufacturing capacity and instead utilize the same to build products for customers globally. India is producing close to 22.5 crore mobile phones and the total consumption is around 35 crore in India currently.
(ET, May 24, 2018)
TAIPA; The proposed telecom policy addresses issues of all players, but only its effective implementation will determine the growth of the sector, Tower and Infrastructure Providers Association (TAIPA) today said.
"It (telecom policy) is the first right step but the most critical part will be the on-ground implementation and alignment of state governments with central government's rulings and guidelines," TAIPA Director General TR Dua told . He said the draft policy addresses issues with regards to all stakeholders but its implementation will be the most critical part to shape up the sector and prepare the country for the future.
Telecom infrastructure companies, mainly mobile tower firms, continue to face challenge while rolling out networks despite central government notifying 'Right of Way (RoW) rules, which refer to norms for rolling out telecom infrastructure.The draft National Digital Communications Policy, 2018 proposes to create a broadband readiness index for states and union territories that will help them attract investments and address RoW issues.
(TOI, May 08, 2018)
Moneycontrol reported that at the Annual General Meeting of US industry body Amcham, Telecom Secretary Aruna Sundararajan informed that the direction of the new policy, which is likely to be early as on May 1, will be reform-oriented.
She further said that it will be investor friendly and bring down the cost of compliances and that the proposed NTP 2018 will be placed for public comments for 15-20 days.
After the public comments, the Department of Telecom (DoT) will start inter-ministerial consultation on the policy and thereafter approach the Cabinet for final approval, she said.
The NTP 2018 is expected to present a growth road map of the Indian telecom sector, which is reeling under debt of around Rs. 7.8 lakh crore, for a period of next five years. Telecom operators have demanded that the government lower spectrum usage charges, licence fees and other levies on the sector to make business viable.
(Electronics B2B.com, Apr 27, 2018)
A think tank of key stakeholders headed by commerce minister Suresh Prabhu will finalize a framework for a national e-commerce policy in six months’ time that will settle India’s stand on key issues such as taxation, competition policy, foreign investment and server localization, among others.
India has been finding it difficult to arrive at a consensus on a domestic e-commerce policy to effectively respond to a proposal for multilateral discipline in e-commerce at the World Trade Organization (WTO) as various government departments have contradictory views on the matter, Mint first reported on 7 March, 2017.
For example, while the department of telecom wants server locations of global e-commerce companies operating in India to be based in the country, the ministry of electronics and information technology supports no such restriction.
(LiveMint, Apr 25, 2018)
The government has halved the basic custom duty on open cell displays used in the manufacturing of LED television panels whereby leading television makers like Samsung, LG, Panasonic and Sony are now likely to roll back the price increase on television sets.
A notification issued by finance ministry on Friday evening said the government has reduced duties on open cell displays of 15.6-inch and above from 10% to 5%. This constitutes almost 95% of the television market. The government had imposed 10% duty on open cell panels in the last Budget as compared to nil which was earlier.
(E, Mar 23, 2018)
Responding to exporters’ complaints that field officers were arbitrarily demanding documents for processing Goods and Services Tax (GST) refund claims, which was leading to rejection of several applications, the Centre has decided to notify a standardized list of documents that all officers will have to stick to while processing claims.
“The Revenue Department has agreed to come up with a specific list of documents so that exporters know what papers to produce while claiming refunds and can't be harassed for more,” a government official told Business Line.
The standardized list will be circulated to all field offices and States and it would be made clear to all that no document beyond what is mentioned in the list could be demanded from exporters, the official added.
(Business Line, Mar 21, 2018)
Union Minister Manoj Sinha on Tuesday said the new telecom policy is almost ready and will be brought in the next session of Parliament after a Cabinet nod.
“The new telecom policy is almost ready, and, this month, we will place it on the Department’s website for public comments. We will bring it in the next session of Parliament,” said Sinha on the sidelines of ‘Deendayal SPARSH Yojana’ award ceremony.
He said the recent Cabinet nod to the telecom relief package — that entails giving more time to companies to pay for the spectrum they bought as well as liberalized spectrum caps — will ensure that the historic success of the sector continues unabated.
(Business Line, Mar 21, 2018)
Increasing import duty hikes on electronic goods has left the sector in limbo. The surge in rates in recent months, once in December last year and another in the Union Budget in February has put pressure on vendors, and traders fear it may affect margins. And with no new proposals on the cards to set up component manufacturing units, Chinese firms assembling locally in the country are expected to be at an advantage against their Indian counterparts
Since last December, import duty on electronic goods, including cellphones, smart watches and wearables, have gone up to 20 per cent from 10 per cent. For key components such as printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) for handsets and LCD, LED and OLED panels for televisions, the rate has been hiked to 15 per cent from almost zero.
(BS, Mar 12, 2018)
The country’s top angel networks are in active consultations with the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) on giving formal recognition to angel groups. “The DIPP is very receptive to the idea of giving legal recognition to angel groups and is looking at finding ways to resolve the issue,” said a person closely aware of the developments.
As per industry insiders, there are two suggested ways to certify or give a legal structure to angel networks which channel a large number of angel deals. One of them is the ‘angel fund’ structure wherein angel networks would be recognised by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) with their members continuing to invest in individual capacities as angel investors.
(ET, Feb 19, 2018)
The government must be disruptive in its fiscal incentives and offer policy certainty to attract investment in the upstream sector to meet its ambition of cutting oil import by a tenth, the chief executive of Vedanta’s Oil and Gas business has said.
Vedanta has submitted 13 applications for exploration licenses and may bid for more in the first auction for exploration licenses and may bid for more in the first auction under the new licensing policy, which is under way, Sudhir Mathur, CEO of Vedanta’s Oil and Gas unit, told ET in an interview. But for the licencing rounds to succeed, the government must offer contacts for longer 30-year horizon so that companies can plan investments with certainty, and clearly defined, fiscal terms that can’t be overridden by new policy measures, he said.
(ET, Feb 13, 2018)
The New Industrial Policy will focus on reducing regulations and promoting ease of doing business at the district level, Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu has said.
Interacting with members of industry body CII the Miister said India will become a $5 trillion economy within the next 7-8 years and the manufacturing sector is expected to contribute $1 trillion to it.
(BusinessLine, Feb 07, 2018)
Increasing import duty on toys and artificial jewellery will do little to cut the country’s dependence on Chinese imports in these sectors, according to domestic players, who say the government should instead raise the local industry’s ability to compete better.
The Indian toy industry is worth about Rs.9,500 crore. Electric toys attract 18% GST against the earlier 12% value-added tax (VAT) while other toys attract 12% GST versus 5% VAT earlier.
(ET, Feb 06, 2018)
The Director General (Safeguards) has recommended imposing a 70% safeguard duty on imported solar cells, panels and modules for a minimum period of 200 days, likely dealing another blow for developers who bid for projects at progressively lower prices.
Responding to a complaint from domestic solar manufacturers, DG (Safeguards) Sandeep M Bhatnagar carried out a preliminary enquiry after which he agreed that “critical circumstances very much exist warranting the immediate imposition of safeguard measures.”
The Indian Solar Manufacturers Association had filed a petition on December 5, seeking the imposition of safeguard duty on imported solar equipment because their prospects were being hurt.
(ET, Jan 10, 2018)
The Centre may have doubled import duties on high-end televisions and microwaves to encourage domestic production of these goods but manufacturers are in no mood to make higher capital investments. Most players plan to bring in completely knocked down (CKD) components as these can be imported at zero duty.
MNCs like LG and Samsung and even domestic players like Mirc Electronics, Videocon, Intex and Godrej Appliances are not planning any additional capex as importing CKD kits from places like China and Taiwan will continue to be the norm for the industry. The ecosystem to support complete manufacturing of these durables in the country is yet to develop, say players.
“Unless the entire ecosystem develops for manufacturing components like glass, LED lights and diffusers for making panels for televisions, it is not possible to have ‘Made in India’ television sets. Companies, which were importing SKD (semi-knocked down) kits before import duties were doubled, will now have CKD kits for making television panels as they attract zero per cent import duty,’’ says Jayesh Parekh, Business Head - Consumer Durables, Intex.
(Business Line, Jan 03, 2018)
Carmakers have sought a number of incentives to push electric vehicles — a 5 per cent goods and services tax (GST), income tax (I-T) benefits, waiver on road tax and toll charges, free parking, and a 50 per cent reduction in power tariff for charging these vehicles.
The domestic automobile industry, which has slowly but surely started taking small steps towards electric mobility, has said it will take another thirty years to achieve hundred per cent electrification in new sales. In a white paper submitted to the government, industry body Siam said by 2047, it aims to convert all new vehicle sales to electric. The government had been talking of an ambitious deadline of 2030 for moving all new vehicle sales to electric.
(BS, Dec 21, 2017)
To encourage Information Technology, food processing, textiles, apparels and leather industries in Bihar, the state government would give 10 per cent interest grant on bank loans of those industries, Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Kumar Modi said.
He said the state government would also give grant on payments made to Employees' Provident Fund (EPF) and ESI (Employees' State Insurance) by those industries and would give of Rs 20,000 per person employed in such industry.
Addressing the inaugural session of "Yuva Udyami Sammelan" (young entrepreneurs' conference), he said loans totalling Rs 14,861 crore had been given by banks to service, trading and manufacturing sectors in 2016-17 while about Rs 17,000 crore would be given in the current financial year through various means.
He also said the government would solve the problem of land by providing floor space to non-polluting industrial units through multistoried industrial parks in the state.
(TOI, Dec 20, 2017)
The recent hike in customs duty on electronic goods is expected to not only discourage imports and boost domestic manufacturing, but could also benefit the Exchequer in a year of muted revenue growth.
The duty increase may help in netting about an additional Rs.2,000 crore this fiscal, sources said, pointing out that electronic goods have become one of the major imports items. The Finance Ministry had last week increased the import duty on electronic goods such as television sets and microwaves to 20 per cent and that on mobile phones to 15 per cent.
“It will have the twin objective of boosting local manufacturing that will increase revenue from the Goods and Services Tax and also by making imports costlier,” noted an expert. Imports of electronics surged 24.97 per cent in November this year to $4,371.98 million from $3,498.44 a year ago.
This could provide some comfort to the government, which is faced with an uphill task in meeting the direct and indirect tax collections target for 2017-18. Revenue collection from GST is estimated to have declined significantly to Rs.83,346 crore in October compared with Rs.92,000 crore in September.
Similarly, customs duty receipts have also been subdued with net collection in October estimated at Rs.7,371 crore as against Rs.18,884 crore in the corresponding period a year ago. The Centre is also expected to lose Rs.13,000 crore from the excise duty cut of Rs.2 per litre on petrol and diesel.
(Business Line, Dec 20, 2017)
Parrikar, who chaired the Cabinet meeting, also said the policy would come into force by the end of current financial year. According to PTI, The Goa Cabinet on Wednesday approved the much-awaited Solar Power Policy, under which the State expects to generate 150 MW of solar power by 2021, Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar said.
“It will take two-three months to have proper documentation for the policy and by the end of this financial year, it will become functional,” he said. The Chief Minister said the policy is divided into three categories, which includes even a unit producing up to 100 KV power.
Residential societies, which can generate less than 100 KV power would be compensated by the government under this policy as per the Joint Electricity Regulatory Commission rates depending on the gross metering, he said. The units producing more than 100 KV power will be compensated on net metering as the unit operator would be participating in the reverse gridding of the power, he said. The policy also encourages power generation by individuals, who either have their own land where they can set up the unit or can procure NOC from the land owners for it, Parrikar said.
“The land owner would be spared from the process of conversion of his land or permission from local panchayat or civic body, if he is installing solar power generation plant under the policy,” he said. “In such circumstances, the power producer will have to show the documents of the land and bank guarantee of six months. But the unit operator would be penalised in case of non-supply of power to the government or delay in it,” he said. “Lot of people were anticipating the Solar Power Policy. We had extensive discussions before finalising it.”
“It will take two-three months to have proper documentation for the policy and by the end of this financial year, it will become functional,” he said. The Chief Minister said the policy is divided into three categories, which includes even a unit producing up to 100 KV power. Residential societies, which can generate less than 100 KV power would be compensated by the government under this policy as per the Joint Electricity Regulatory Commission rates depending on the gross metering, he said.
The units producing more than 100 KV power will be compensated on net metering as the unit operator would be participating in the reverse gridding of the power, he said. The policy also encourages power generation by individuals, who either have their own land where they can set up the unit or can procure NOC from the land owners for it, Parrikar said. “The land owner would be spared from the process of conversion of his land or permission from local panchayat or civic body, if he is installing solar power generation plant under the policy,” he said. “In such circumstances, the power producer will have to show the documents of the land and bank guarantee of six months. But the unit operator would be penalised in case of non-supply of power to the government or delay in it,” he said.
The industry has welcomed the initiatives taken in the mid-term review of Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) – 2015-20, specifically the 2% increase in rates under the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) and Services Exports from India Scheme (SEIS), as well as the raising of validity period of duty credit scrips from 18 to 24 months.
Welcoming the FTP’s mid-term review, Ganesh Kumar Gupta, President, Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO) said that the 2% increase in the MEIS rates for labour intensive sectors such as leather, carpets, handicrafts, tools, marine, medical & scientific products and services such as accountancy, architecture, legal, education, hotel and restaurant will provide much needed respite to these sectors which are facing huge competitiveness from other countries.
For more details, please visite: https://www.thedollarbusiness.com/news/ftp-review-industry-welcomes-meis-seis-incentives-hike-in-duty-credit-scrips-validity/51507
In order to strengthen the ongoing momentum in domestic production of electronic goods, the government is looking at drafting a new electronics manufacturing policy and as a first step, a consultation with the industry and other stakeholders is slotted for the last week of September.
According to a senior official of the ministry of electronics and IT (MEITY), work has already started on new draft.
The idea is that we have reached a certain level of momentum, now how do we take off from there,” Ajay Kumar, additional secretary, MEITY told ET. One of the big focus areas of the current government has been to develop India not only as a domestic manufacturing hub but also as a large-scale export destination.
Kumar added that due to continuous efforts of the last few years, India has already taken a lead in the areas such as mobile manufacturing, automotive, LED and consumer appliances.
(ET Sep 17, 2017)
The government will come out with a new electronics manufacturing policy better aligned to the present times and an overarching data protection and security policy, electronics and IT minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said on Friday. He was speaking after a high-level meeting with tech industry captains including Rishad Premji of Wipro, Rajan Anandan of Google, Vanitha Narayanan of IBM and Kavin Bharti Mittal of Hike.
After a brainstorming session that lasted for over two hours and was meant to work out a road map for the $1-trillion digital economy, Prasad said some participants spoke about the need for developing startup clusters which will be like special innovation zones where startups can work together.
“We will look at developing a framework for a startup clusters policy,“ he said.
Prasad said there was “unanimity“ about the fact that $1 trillion is an understatement and the Digital India offered big opportunities in ecommerce, artificial intelligence and internet of things. He reiterated his earlier statement that job losses concerns in the IT industry are hyped and possibly “motivated.“
(ET, June 17, 2017)
Eighteen months after it cleared out of Tamil Nadu with its sole buyer the Nokia factory downing shutters, Taiwanese phone-maker Foxconn has now matched the peak job creation levels it had touched while it was operational near Chennai. Foxconn has 12,000 workers now putting smartphones together from inside five factory units of Foxconn in Andhra Pradesh's Sri City. It makes well over one lakh phones a day.
Foxconn was one of the large factories to close down in Tamil Nadu and re-emerge within two months across the border in Andhra Pradesh to make smartphones. It started off in a small way, not dissimilar to a trail unit, to make smartphones on contract. As it revved up production, the Centre rolled out a duty structure that made it cheaper to make phones in India than import from China.
Called the Phased Manufacturing Programme, the duty incentives restricted to phones were spread across to 14 components that included chargers, adaptors, battery packs, wired handsets. But now, a crucial tax tweak offered over the last two years that incentivised domestic manufacture of electronic items could go with the introduction of GST; an imminent development that is a cause for concern for manufacturers like Foxconn, component producers and other players in the electronics industry.
“Foxconn had recently recruited from 13 districts across Andhra Pradesh.Clients include Xiaomi, Oppo, and HMD Global (which is the licenced producer of Nokia-branded smartphones, feature phones and tablets). The company recruited 2,000 workers just in the last one month as client demand is such,“ said a company official aware of developments at Foxconn.
It is not just Foxconn revving ahead. Salcomp, which used to supply power set-ups to the former Nokia factory, has just restarted production at the factory inside the Nokia Telecom SEZ. The company's chief executive officer Markku Hangasjarvi told ET in a recent interaction that the company was planning to “significantly expand Indian operations.“ Sasikumar Gendham, the India head of the company, told ET: “We have all approvals for our third factory in India but from the state government in Tamil Nadu, which will be obtained soon.
Even as we expand operations, the whole supply chain should be aligned properly. For example, under GST, the mobile phones will attract 12% but the chargers 28%. Obviously, it cannot be so. The Centre knows about this anomaly and will act, I am sure.“
Pressure groups working for continuation of the duty structure under GST regime have been lobbying hard with the Central government. Fast Track Task Force (FTTF), set up with a target to create 15 lakh jobs by 2020 through a 3-lakh crore phone manufacturing industry. Pankaj Mohindroo, national president for FTTF, said: “The Centre is extreme ly aware and focused on perils of not continuing the duty differential regime under GST. A mechanism is being worked out. Nearly two lakh jobs are on the line. Only July 1, all that has been built for making phones in India will collapse.
If the incentives are not perpetuated under GST, it will be the largest reversal from a Make in India standpoint.“ Union commerce ministry representatives could not be reached for a comment.
After a long wait of 10 years, the goods and services tax (GST) is now a reality. Most of the work required for implementation of GST from July 1 has been completed. Trade and industry outreach programmes are in full swing. It is time now to reflect on the possible benefits of this new tax regime to trade and industry, to consumers, to the government and to the entire economy.
The prime benefit of GST is that India will become a common market. One product or service will have a single tax rate in any part of the country. The multiplicity of taxes on the same commodity or service will now go.
No more taxes that are barriers to industry such as octroi or entry tax. This obviously means that trade and industry will have a much lesser compliance burden compared with the current regime in which they have to file different returns with different authorities for different taxes. The consumers also would better understand the total incidence of tax on the product or the service they are buying.
The total incidence of taxation on a product or service is likely to come down for most items. This will happen because of the removal of cascading of taxation, and availability of seamless flow of credit across the value chain. If goods are produced in which services are used, the input tax credit of taxes paid on services will be available and vice versa.
Also, there is a provision in the GST law that, by chance, if taxes paid on the inputs are more than the tax rate of the output liability, refunds will also be given except in certain items such as work contracts. Such a scientific system of taxation removes all hidden taxes and brings down the overall burden of taxes. This will benefit consumers immensely.
GST is going to be a big milestone for Make in India also. Today, when goods are imported, there is a levy of countervailing duty (CVD), which is equivalent to excise duty paid by the domestic manufacturers of the same product. In many cases, there are CVD exemptions even where local goods attracted excise duty. Under GST, all these exemptions will go away.
Also, while local manufacturers of goods pay full value added tax (VAT) in addition to excise, imported goods attract only 4 per cent special additional duty. This also gave negative protection to domestic manufacturers of goods.
Under the GST regime, all goods that are imported will pay the full rate of central+state GST in the form of integrated or IGST. That will provide a complete level playing field to domestic manufacturers vis-à-vis imported goods. Of course, importers can use this IGST credit to discharge their liability for CGST and SGST when the same goods are sold within the country.
Also, GST is likely to promote exports from India. When goods are exported, the taxes paid on those products within the country are supposed to be fully refunded. While there is a system of duty drawback today by which central taxes paid on exported items are refunded, the same is not true of VAT paid on the inputs of exported items
There are many states that either do not refund VAT paid on exports or give such refunds after one or two years. Under the new GST regime, the entire refund of CGST or SGST paid on inputs of exported items will be fully paid by a single authority--either the state government or the central government.
It is also decided that 90 per cent of refunds will be given provisionally within seven days of receiving the complete application for online refunds. Also, for special economic zones (SEZs), there is a provision to bring goods from abroad or from domestic tariff area without payment of IGST. This means that as far as SEZs are oncerned, there will be no blockage of working capital. With exports being boosted, Make in India will also get a big lift.
GST, being an end-to-end IT-enabled tax system, is expected to bring buoyancy to government revenue. This will happen because of the attraction of taking input tax credit by purchasing goods from registered dealers, which will incentivize everyone to come into the tax net. Also, there will be a reduction in refund frauds or input tax frauds because of invoice-wise matching of B2B transactions.
A question is raised by many--'How is it possible that consumers will pay less under GST and the government will also gain?' They say that if the government is gaining, obviously the consumers will pay more! Let me explain this properly. Today there are dealers who try to remain outside the tax chain and pocket the benefits of taxes not paid while keeping the consumer price the same as tax-paid goods.
These traders are pocketing the benefits of tax evasion while the government is deprived of revenue and consumers are also not benefited.
When this activity of tax theft will go away under GST, both consumers as well as the government will gain. So basically, the extra revenue of the government will not come from the consumers' pocket but from reduction of tax theft.
(May 26, 2017, ET)
The public procurement policy that the Cabinet has approved offers a major push towards the government’s indigenisation drive, opening up a potentially $600 billion-plus market for Indian manufacturing and services companies.
The policy, which makes it mandatory to give first preference to domestic suppliers in all government purchases worth over Rs 5 lakh, also covers autonomous bodies and state-run companies and other entities.
This is in line with the government’s ‘Make in India’ vision of promoting domestic production of goods and services to enhance local income and employment, it said in a news release. The policy won’t apply to purchases worth less than Rs 5 lakh. Beyond that, for procurement up to Rs 50 lakh, and where the nodal ministry determines that there is sufficient local capacity and competition, only Indian suppliers will be eligible to participate in the bid.
For procurements worth over Rs 50 lakh where there may not be enough local competition, special provisions will be built into favour the lowest-cost local supplier. When the lowest bid isn’t from an Indian supplier, the local supplier will be given the opportunity to match the lowest bid provided his original offer is within 20% of the lowest bid. If the procurement is of a type of product where the order can be divided and given to more than one supplier, the non-local supplier who is the lowest bidder will get half the order and the local supplier will get the other half, if it agrees to match the price.
Local suppliers will be defined as those whose goods or services meet the prescribed minimum thresholds — usually 50% — for local content. Local content is essentially domestic value addition
The policy requires that specifications in tenders must not be restrictive — there should not be a requirement for producing proof of supply in other countries or proof of exports in respect of previous experience.
They must also not result in unreasonable exclusion of local suppliers who would otherwise be eligible beyond what is essential for ensuring quality or credit-worthiness of the supplier.
(May 26, 2017, ET)
While small and medium businesses are expected to face teething trouble in complying with the Goods and Services Tax regime, the new tax system will also open an opportunity for them to access credit as GST filings are set to become a significant data source for flow-based lending.
Both banks and digital lending players say GST filings can be the best trove of information to lend to small businesses and will also reduce risks and cut costs while scoring these businesses for credit worthiness.
“GST will help make invoicing and data analytics around businesses more credible. In the long term, it will be beneficial for both SMEs and lenders,” said Rajeev Ahuja, head of strategy, retail and financial inclusion at RBL Bank.
“For banks like us, it will help reduce costs of doing business. Today, assessing small business involves feet on street and operational work. With GST, there will be a significant opportunity for many service providers to leverage that data. There will be more authentic information on small businesses, which can also help reduce risks in lending,” he added.
GST, which is set to roll out from July 1, is expected to see eight million taxpayers come under the new tax regime, with more than 2 billion invoices expected to be filed every month.
The GST filings are expected to be one of the most significant data points for flow-based lending, given the authenticity and complete information of an SME’s financial health. Flow-based lending entails lending based on cash flows of a company as opposed to collateral or asset-based lending.
“GST data will become the largest repository of verifiable cash flows and transactions of business. Small businesses will be able to provide a secure, verifiable trail of transactions in their supply chain. This will complete the data footprint of an SME and will complete the picture of a SME’s financial health.
This will greatly help in flowbased underwriting for us,” said Sashank Rishyasringa, cofounder of digital lending startup Capital Float. Rishyasringa said GST data of SMEs can not only reduce costs but can also speed up the process of underwriting and lending.
“Potential SME borrowers can provide real time, secure and verifiable data of their GST filings. For us, we can instantly verify financial documents. It will save on the costs of verification and will also cut down delays in processing of loans,” he said.
(May 26, 2017, ET)
GST will simplify setting up of SMEs and MSMEs as procedural fees and costs of compliance with the overall indirect taxation framework are set to shrink significantly. A unified tax system across states will ensure appropriate transfer of tax credits irrespective of the buyer and the seller’s physical locations.
Elimination of entry tax at state borders will lead to increased efficiency of inter-state logistics. Newer supply chain algorithms will emerge to map the new framework and minimize landed cost.
SMEs with annual turnover of less than Rs 50 lakh need to pay only a flat tax rate capped at 2.5% of turnover rather than on the entire value of supplied goods and services.
GST has also done away with the unclear distinction between goods and services. This will go a long way in reducing litigation and tax-evasion opportunities. GST requires every tax-paying entity to self-assess tax and file its returns on a monthly and an annual basis. Returns are to be filed electronically which will reduce errors and lapses.
An evaluation system for tax-paying entities has been proposed, under which every such entity will receive a GST-compliance score. As per the proposal, these scores will be updated periodically and be made available in the public domain. This will allow GST-compliant SMEs to establish credibility with potential clients and other stakeholders.
However, certain hurdles remain for SMEs. Currently, no excise duty is payable by manufacturers with gross turnover under INR 1.5 Cr. But under GST, any entity that supplies goods and services and whose turnover exceeds Rs 20 lakh will have to register in every state where it conducts business.
For special category states, the turnover threshold is Rs 10 lakh. Another concern for SMEs is that under the new regime, buyers of goods and services are totally dependent on sellers for input tax credits.
SMEs have limited resources and influence to follow up with their vendors and suppliers for the purpose of ensuring tax payment and compliance.
Unlike the current excise regime, GST will make ‘stock transfers’ to own branches taxable. With GST being paid on the date of the transfer but credit becoming available only when the stock is liquidated by the receiving branch, cash flows could be impacted. GST heralds a turning point in India’s taxation norms and policies.
Its key objective is to unify India into a single market by eliminating tax-driven geographical fragmentation.
Successful implementation of GST will reduce the complexity resulting from multiple state and central indirect taxes, various levies and exemptions and sub-optimal application of input credits across goods and services. While a change of such magnitude may run into some teething issues, it is undoubtedly an extremely significantly move that is set to alter how business is conducted in the world’s largest democracy.
(May 24, 2017, ET)
Mobile phone operators plan to make a presentation to an inter-ministerial group to the effect that the government's decision to impose goods and services tax of 18% will aggravate the financial woes of the beleaguered telecom industry that is already saddled with nearly ` . 4.9 lakh crore of debt.
The government has set GST for telecom services higher than 15% that telcos currently pay towards service tax.
“Telcos will make a presentation to the IMG (inter-ministerial group) next month on the dismal financial health of the heavily debt-laden telecom industry and communicate their disappointment by stressing how a higher GST of 18% will further hurt the sector and undermine company earnings in coming quarters,“ said Rajan Mathews, director general of the Cellular Operators Association of India.
The COAI represents India's top phone companies such as Bharti Airtel, Vodafone India, Idea Cellular and new entrant Reliance Jio Infocomm, among others.
The inter-ministerial panel was recently constituted to examine the mounting financial stress levels of the telecom sector after the Reserve Bank of India last month alerted banks to review their exposure in phone companies and make higher provisions to firewall their future business.
Telcos, Mathews said, are likely to seek the panel's early intervention through suitable corrective measures since the higher GST rate could hurt bottom lines, increase balance sheet stress levels and undermine the overall ability of the telcos to repay their mammoth dues.
In presentation to the panel, telcos are likely to stress that the telecom industry is among the heaviest taxed sectors and already pays about 30% of its earnings in taxes and levies, including spectrum usage charge and licence fees, and a higher payout towards GST from July will only make matter worse at a time when this hypercompetitive sector is in the midst of a brutal price war.
At present, telcos pay about 8% of revenue towards licence fees and another 3% as spectrum usage charge.
Another senior industry executive aware of the nuances did not rule out the possibility of a Big Four consulting firm preparing a detailed note on the debilitating impact of higher GST rates on an already severely stressed sector in the run-up to the presentation to the inter-ministerial group.
Mobile phone bills are set to get costlier and talk time for prepaid users will stand reduced with the government pegging GST for telecom services at 18%.
According to tax experts, unlike other sectors such as automobiles, the beneficial impact of increased tax credits will be negligible for telecom companies, which will make voice and data services more expensive for the consumer, and in turn, may hit consumption levels and telco earnings.
(ET, May 22, 2017)
Upender Gupta, GST Commissioner, CBEC, Government of India, talks about the approach and philosophy of GST regime and why it will be a fillip for the nation’s economy.
GST as a system has been devised in such a way that everything gets automatically populated since we operate in a digital environment. We have also keep in mind that when the taxes are being paid let us say in Delhi while the buyer is in say Kerala, the tax is paid here, the credit is available to a dealer in Kerala. This is true not for IGST credits, but CGST and SGST credits are also allowed to be cross-utilized.
We have central and state levies, and the world over this system is not there of allowing cross-credits. It is only on revers charge basis that a tax is paid in the recipient state and then credit is given. So in this example, the dealer in Delhi will have to claim refunds. There is also a GST compliance rating, which will not be immediately available, but it will be available over a period of time. Putting compliance ratings in the public domain will allow dealers to choose their trade partners better.
So one must see the overall philosophy of the GST regime and then appreciate why it has been made. This to be done keeping in mind that everything will be digitalized and credits would be allowed throughout the country in addition to much more. It is our belief that over a period of time, this system will be hugely beneficial for the nation.
Indian economy may grow at 10% over the next three years, says confederation of Indian Industry (CII) President Shobana Kamineni. “The growth band that we are looking at is 7.5 to 8%. This is based on a normal monsoon, somewhat improved global climate, and India’s own strong macroeconomic fundamentals” she said, adding that the reforms have picked up, and over the last three years, substantive policies have been announced.
(TOI, May 05, 2017)
India is set to revamp its manufacturing framework to reboot the sector with an eye on job creation and technology up-gradation, commerce and industry minister Nirmala Sitharaman told ET in an interview. She has ordered a comprehensive review of the six-year-old National Manufacturing Policy launched by the previous government as its no longer relevant given the reforms implemented by the Narendra Modi administration.
Also on the agenda is a study of the readiness of Indian companies for the so called Fourth Industrial Revolution.
The government plans to scrap the multiple clearances needed by overseas investors in sectors that are on the approval route with the dis banding of Foreign Investment Promotion Board. She said the cabinet could take up the proposal soon. “The policy is 2011 vintage and if that is what will guide us after we have launched `Make in India’, FDI and ease of doing business reforms, we would not be able to achieve targets,“ she said
The National Manufacturing Policy , launched with much fanfare, sought to raise the share of manufacturing in GDP to 25% by 2025. It was announced after manufacturing growth had plunged to less than 1%.
The government is betting big on manufacturing through `Make in India’ to create millions of jobs that the country needs as it looks to speed up growth, raise incomes and lift people out of poverty.
The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) will review the policy to ensure the revised manufacturing policy takes into account the changing economic scenario in the country and overseas, with rapid technological changes and digitisation in the backdrop of domestic initiatives such as Digital India and Skill India. A big focus of the recast will be small and medium enterprises, which are seen as major employment generators and badly need tech upgradation.
“Policy has to be drafted in a way that it is adaptable for all this. This has to be shaken up,“ Sitharaman said.
Sitharaman has also asked DIPP to hold consultations and a day-long workshop with the top 150 industries of the country with sectoral representation to assess preparedness for the next phase.
“We want them to tell us what are they planning for the Industrial Revolution 4.0 to bring a sync between skilling, manpower, demographic dividend on one hand and digitisation, automation, 4.0 on the other,“ she said. The Fourth Industrial Revolution refers to the confluence of new technologies in having an impact across businesses and economy.
The government will take stock of the readiness of private sector for the challenges posed by digitisation, automation and the impact it will have on manpower.
“On the one hand we are doing so much of skilling there is an industrial revolution taking place and we want to know if we will be able to get the returns on our demographic dividend and if the industries will be able to absorb the new trained manpower,“ Sitharaman added.
The government is also likely to revisit the National Investment and Manufacturing Zones to assess their viability. Zones created without adequate trunk infrastructure such as roads, electricity and water connections would no longer be the focus of the manufacturing policy. Many of these centres are located far from ports and other modes of transport, driving up the cost of exports relative to neighbouring countries. For instance, India’s cost to export, according to a World Bank Report, is around $1,332 per container, compared with $572 in Indonesia and $525 in Malaysia.
How will our exports be treated under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime? Exports will be treated as zero-rated supplies. No tax will be payable on exports of goods or services. However, you can take input tax credit (ITC). You will have the option t pay tax on the export goods/services and claim refund of Integrated GST (IGST) or export under Bond without payment of IGST and claim refund of ITC. However, no refund of unutilized ITC will be allowed in cases where the goods exported out of India are subjected to export duty or when you avail of drawback in respect of Central GST (CGST) or claim refund of the IGST paid on such supplies. The principle of unjust enrichment would not be applicable to zero-rated supplies. In case of refund on account of export of goods, the refund rules do not prescribe Bank Realization Certificate (BRC) as a necessary document for filing of refund claim. However, for export of services, details of BRC are required to be submitted along with the application for refund. There may be no provision similar to the present dispensation of procuring inputs required for export production from domestic manufacturers without excise duty payment or under rebate claim. On export promotion schemes such as advance authorization scheme or Export Promotion Capital Goods scheme, there is, as yet, no clarity on how these will be dealt with.
We are thinking of converting our manufacturing unit in the domestic tariff area (DTA) into an Export Oriented Unit (EOU). We are told that CBEC Circular No.77/99-Cus dated November 18, 1999 does not allow us to carry over our Cenvat Credit to an EOU. Is there any change in that instruction? Yes. CBEC Circular No.41/2016-Cus dated August 30, 2016 withdraws Circular No.77/99-Cus dated November 18, 1999 and clarifies that on conversion from a DTA unit to an EOU, the transfer of unutilized Cenvat credit lying in the books of the DTA unit on the date of conversion into EOU unit is admissible.
Section 46(3) of the Customs Act, 1962 has been amended to provide for levy of charges for late presentation of bill of entry. Will these charges attract service tax on the ground that these are not fines or penalties but consideration for tolerating the act of not presenting the bill of entry within the specified time? In my opinion, the essential nature of the levy is that of penalty/fine for delay although Section 46(3) calls it “charges” and hence,, no need to pay service tax.
As manufacturers, we have opted to authenticate invoices with a digital signature. Some customers demand manually authenticated invoices. Can we authenticate invoices by manual signature also? Yes. You may print a copy of the invoice, sign it manually and forward the same to the customer. Such an invoice in effect would be authenticated by two signatures, digital as well as manual. Such an invoice would also be a valid document to avail of Cenvat Credit.
In a bid to give a big push to the ‘Startup India’ campaign, the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) will launch a dedicated portal, website and mobile application for start-ups next month.“ The Startup India hub will help in creating conducive environment for start-ups. It will also facilitate exchange of information between all stakeholders… It will be a LinkedIn kind of platform where you can connect with incubators, mentors and investors directly”, a senior government official said.
The portal, built by Invest India, will provide all the information about incubation facilities and tax benefits that the government will offer to the start-ups. Through this portal the start-ups can get themselves registered within 24 hours and be validated as eligible start-up entities. Invest India is the official investment promotion and facilitation agency of the government and is mandated to facilitate investments into India. It is envisaged to be the first point of reference for potential investors.
The start-ups can also use this portal as a single point of contact for applying to various schemes under the government’s ‘Startup India’ plan while getting information about various kinds of clearances, approvals, and registrations. It will also show information on eligible funds and scheme based on the industry and state.
The portal would also help in bringing together a lot of start-up- related entities ranging from incubators, accelerators, venture capital, seed capital and angel investment funds and various government functionaries.
It would also give free legal consultation, for which DIPP has tied up with several legal start-ups to offer consultation.
The portal would also have a chat box, which would also answer all queries. “There has already been a soft launch of this portal with around 150 members. We are expecting over 2,000 members in the next two months and by the end of 2017 we are expecting around 90,000 users,” an official with Invest India said.
The government had launched the ‘Startup India’ campaign in January last year and had announced an action plan to encourage the start-ups in the country, which included various incentives for start-ups such as greater access to capital, incubation and appropriate talent for these entities.
As of March 15, the government has received 2,405 applications for seeking recognition under the ‘Startup India’ programme, and out of this, 742 have been recognized.
(FE, Apr 25, 2017)
GST (to avoid complexity, govt. looking to keep single rate for each product group): After having opted for multiple rates under the upcoming goods and services tax (GST) regime, India is now looking to keep variations in rates on the same types of products at a minimum to ensure that the tax structure does not get any more complicated.
For example, all types of footwear or mobile phones could attract the same rate.
“Single rate for one product group will bring simplicity in the structure and make implementation easier,“ said a government official, adding that differing rate structures within one segment could lead to unnecessary disputes and litigation. GST is expected to be rolled out on July 1.
Globally, most regimes have a single rate. India has adopted a four-tier tax structure of 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. The rate applicable on most products will be 18%. The highest rate has been pegged in the GST law at 40%. Many experts have said this structure will undermine the basic tenet of GST -a simple structure with at most two rates. The GST Council now has to decide which goods and services go into which slabs. The highly anticipated tax reform is expected to lift economic growth by 1-2 percentage points by removing inter-state barriers thus slashing cost and boosting efficiency.
ONE GOOD, MULTIPLE RATES
Currently, both the value-added tax structure in states as also the central excise structure is laden with divergences in rates within a particular category.
In some cases, the divergence exists in terms of value even within the same harmonised system of nomenclature (HSN) code.
For example, footwear, biscuits, electric lamps, spectacles have differential rates within one HSN code under central excise. Mobiles above a certain price are liable to a higher rate in some states.
The government has been bombarded with petitions, in some cases backed by lawmakers, seeking exemptions for one segment in the same product group.
While the final call rests with the GST Council, the apex decision-making body for the proposed tax regime, key stakeholders are veering round to the view that multiple rates within single product groups need to be avoided.
Experts said uniformity in structure will help keep litigation at bay.
“Uniformity in rates of various products in a commodity group will keep the structure neat and free from classification disputes,“ said Bi pin Sapra, partner, EY.
“Tax based on value or MRP (maximum retail price) of the product would unnecessarily complicate the system and the value itself would need to be revised year after year,“ said Pratik Jain, leader, indirect taxes, PwC. “Having a uniform rate for a particular HSN classification is definitely a good idea... It will be simple, uniform and less litigation prone.“
India has not accepted 'most of the demands' on tax incentives that Apple Inc. had sought for establishing a manufacturing base in the South Asian nation, a senior official said, shifting focus to the rejection's fallout on the iPhone-maker's local assembly plans.
Sources aware of the Cupertino, California-based company's proposals, however, said the first plant being set up by contract manufacturer Wistron, which will assemble iPhones in Bengaluru, will not get affected as the concession demands do not pertain to this plant. "Apple India has sought concessions, including duty exemptions on manufacturing and repair units, components, capital equipment including parts and consumables for smartphone manufacturing and service repair for a period of 15 years," Commerce and Industry minister Nirmala Sitharaman said in a reply to a question in Parliament. On whether the government has accepted most of the demands, Sitharaman said "No". Apple declined to comment on this development.
India has earlier said that it is not possible to give exemptions to individual companies, especially as the Goods and Services Tax (GST) takes effect later this year, replacing a complex and tiered indirect-taxation structure.
"There is no way we can give individual exemptions under the GST regime," Revenue Secretary Hasmukh Adhia had told ET. Apple's vice president of operations Priya Balasubramanium met Adhia, to discuss Apple's plans in India, a person aware of the meeting said.
Apple had sought the concessions from the government to incentivize the high-end component manufacturers of iPhones to move to India as without their presence, it will be difficult for the iPhone maker to start full-fledged manufacturing operations locally. Apple sought a series of exemptions pertaining to import duties on components and equipment besides exemption from the mandatory 30% sourcing norm.
(ET, Mar 23, 2017)
The Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council has done well to clear a Bill that guarantees to fully compensate states for five years for any revenue loss during transition to the new tax regime. A legal backing provides comfort, but there should be ways to prevent states from slacking off on revenue collections. GST subsumes all indirect levies and avoids cascading of taxes, leading to potential revenue loss for states, but they will gain from being able to tax services. A precise estimate of gain or loss is not possible at this stage. Sensibly, states will be compensated on the basis of revenue projections from 2015-16 -when growth and revenue collections were buoyant.
A protracted slowdown due to demonetization would hurt their revenues next year. In any case, the Centre will have to bear an extra fiscal burden if states have to be compensated for revenue shortfall. So, the need is to change the approach to sharing taxes with states. There is a compelling case to take the central goods and services tax (CGST) out of the divisible pool of taxes, leaving collections from income tax, corporate tax and customs du ties to be shared with states. Such a change in approach will, at least partially, safeguard the Centre's revenues.
The tough part -of fixing the tax rates for different commodities under the four-tier GST structure, deciding the legalities in the Central GST Act, the Integrated GST Act and the State GST Act, decoding how to settle disputes and prevent taxpayers from having to face multiple levels of the administration to comply with the tax -is reportedly still to be settled. Economic Times in a leading article, has suggested that the GST Council should drop the anti-profiteering mechanism to ostensibly keep a check on the pricing policy of producers. It goes against the grain of a non-adversarial tax regime.
The Centre is hopeful of rolling out GST on July 1. ET says, we reiterate that it makes sense to fix the launch date three months after the final state and central GST laws are passed and rules notified in order to enable companies to be ready with their accounting systems to meet the requirements of the new tax.
(ET, Feb 20, 2017)